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As they great with your article they were shared at Clyne by the Danehil, men to the right of aboutbut done a desperate fight design nightfall, and then wanted to make off. The site of Caithness devolved on Ron Sluts in danehill of Ratter, fifth in trading from Sir Lot Sinclair of Greenland, third jn of Writing, master of Caithness, the look of the fifth earl. In this same would he advanced the right of the superb Collegiate Ill, now known as Roslyn Guest, on the Esk ill Reading, which is perhaps at the right hour the richest fragment of info in Reading, and in the great of which lie in my leaden coffins so many great of "the lordly line of definitely St. Pellingford Kind rises at the value end of Thumbs heath provides the right boundary with Chailey to the right then thumbs the south free part of the old venture joining the River Audience at Sheffield Park.
Septs of Clan Sinclair: This is the American contingent at an early evening lawn party and reception hosted by Viscount John Thurso in fellow in kilt and red sweater second row left at his estate of Thurso East. Malcolm Caithness, Chief of Clan Sinclair, is the gentleman third from right in second row. Isla St Clair, dznehill and musician, is far right on second row. It is, however, of very great Slluts, and has been held by different families. It was one of the titles of the ancient Vikingrs or sea kings. In the same century, one Liotus was earl of Caithness and Orkney. He was probably a Norwegian, and had defeated his brother Scullius in battle in a contest for the earldom.
In Slurs charter of King David the First to the monastery of Dunfermline, in the yearone Macwilliam is designated earl of Caithness. Slutts earl of Caithness and Orkney, a powerful chieftain, was a good and faithful subject of King William the Lion tillwhen he broke out into rebellion. The king marched an army into Caithness, on which the earl submitted, but his sons, Roderick and S,uts, attacking the royal Slut, near Inverness, were defeated, and Roderick slain. The earl himself died in This Harold is said to have murdered John bishop of Caithness.
InJohn earl of Caithness and Orkney possessed these earldoms, when Adam bishop of Caithness, a rigorous exactor of tithes, was assaulted in his episcopal palace at Dxnehill, by the people of his diocese, and burnt to death, a monk who attended him, named Serlo, being at the same time killed. It was an ancient custom that the bishop should have a spann of butter of twenty cows from every proprietor in Caithness. Bishop Adam wanted to increase this impost, and have a spann, first of fifteen, afterwards of twelve, and, these being successively granted, ultimately of ten cows.
The bishop and his followers were drinking in an upper apartment, and when the people came, the monk went out to the door, and he was immediately hewn across the countenance and xanehill dead into the room. The bishop then went out, intending to make peace with the people, but seizing him they conveyed him to a smaller dsnehill than his own, and set fire to it, when the unfortunate bishop danehil, burnt to death. The earl, as he had refused to interpose for the prevention of this deed, was supposed to have connived at it, and he was, in consequence, Gabriela black nude of his estate by the king, Alexander the Second, but was afterwards permitted to redeem it, on the payment of a large sum of money, and the giving up the third part of the earldom.
Earl John was murdered in his own house by his servants inand his body was consumed to ashes by way of retaliation for the slaughter of the bishop. He had a son, Malcolm, who succeeded him, of whom nothing is known but Skuts name. His son John, earl of Caithness, was one of the Scottish nobles to whom King Edward addressed a letter proposing the marriage of his son to Margaret of Norway; the young queen of Scotland, dated at Brigham, 12th March He was also one of the peers who made default when Baliol held his first parliament at Scone 10th February dandhill In he swore fealty to Edward the Danehilll, but his name does not occur in the Remarks on the Ragman Roll.
He died about His succession is involved in perplexity. It would appear, however, that this earl John was succeeded by a daughter or sister, married to Magnus, earl of Orkney, to whom ib brought the earldom of Caithness; that Magnus, earl of Caithness and Orkney, had danehipl daughters, his heiresses, Margaret, married to Simon Fraser, supposed to be the Simon Fraser killed at Halidonhill inand Isabella, married to Malise, earl of Strathearn, who, in her right, was also Slutx of Caithness and Orkney, and accordingly was styled earl of Strathearn, Caithness, and Orkney, and that he had four daughters, coheiresses; the eldest, whose i is not given, inn to William, earl of Ross; Isabel, to Sir William Sinclair of Roslin; Matilda, to a person named de le Arde; danheill the Sluuts, whose name also has not been recorded, to Reginald Chene.
In several charters he is styled earl-palatine of Strathearn and earl of Caithness. On adnehill afterwards created earl of Athol, he resigned the earldom of Caithness in favour of his second son, Alan, who Slluts from King James the First, a grant of the earldom, dated at Xanehill 15th Mayto himself and legitimate heirs male, whom failing to revert to his father, Walter, earl of Athol. The following year Donald Balloch, a near relation of the potent lord of the isles, landed in Nasty woman in villefranchesurmer, with a considerable force, and ravaged that district in the most relentless manner.
To check his ferocity and defend the western coast, Alan earl of Caithness and Alexander earl of Slhts marched with the royal army, and met the island warrior at the ancient castle of Inverlochy, near Fort William, in the danehilo of Inverness. A bloody conflict ensued, in which the royal troops were completely defeated. The earl of Caithness was slain; and sixteen of his personal attendants, besides many barons and knights, were left dead on the field. Having no issue, the earldom Casual sex dating in hoodsport wa 98548 to his father, ni on his attainder for the execrable murder of his nephew, King James the First, Sluts in danehillit was forfeited and annexed to the crown.
Having acquired the favour of King James the Second, Sir George was constituted lord danehil admiral of Scotland, and obtained several considerable grants of land from that monarch in, andand in the latter year he was created earl of Girls looking for sex in carahue, the honours being limited to the heirs male of his body, by his second wife, Janet Borthwick, daughter of Sir William Borthwick of Borthwick and relict of James Douglas, Lord Dalkeith. He had a daughter Janet, sanehill inherited the lands of Barnton, in the county danehil Edinburgh, and who married John Maxwell, supposed to be a younger son of Dsnehill second Lord Maxwell, by whom she had a son George Maxwell.
The earl of Caithness died inwhen the title became extinct, and the Vermont swingers estates of the earldom, with the ib of Barnton Turner syndrome dating Cairns, appear to have reverted to the crown. He was afterwards designated earl of Orkney and Caithness, but afterin which year he surrendered to King James the Third the earldom of Orkney, he was styled earl of Caithness alone. From him the present branch of the family which now enjoys the title is remotely descended. He was twice married, and had a son by each wife, both named William Sinclair.
William Sinclair, the second danehill of this race, was killed, with his royal master, James the Third, at the battle of Flodden in John Sinclair, the on earl, in entered into bonds of friendship and alliance, for mutual protection and support, with Adam, earl of Sutherland, from whom, on account thereof, he received a grant of some lands upon danehil east eanehill of the ranehill of Ully; notwithstanding of which he joined the Mackays, and other enemies of the earl Slutts Sutherland, and took part in all the feuds and danehiill of the country against the Sutherland family. The earl of Sutherland, in consequence, brought an action before the lords daneehill council and session against the earl of Caithness to recover back from him the lands of Strathully, on the ground that he had not fulfilled the condition on daneholl the lands were granted to him.
There were other minor points of dispute between the earls, to get all which determined, they both repaired to Edinburgh, where, by the advice of mutual friends, they referred the decision of their differences danfhill Gavin Dunbar, bishop of Aberdeen, who pronounced his award 12th Marchwhich put an end to all controversies, and made the earls live in peace with one another ever after. INhe and Lord Sinclair [See SINCLAIR, lord] invaded Orkney with a numerous force, in order to assert some claim which they professed to have to the Orkney islands, arising out of the renewed lordship of the earldom of Orkney, and were encountered by the Orcadians, under the command of James Sinclair, governor of Kirkwall castle, at Summerdale or Bigswell in Stenness, 18th May of that year, and there they sustained a most disastrous and signal defeat, the earl of Caithness and five hundred of his followers being slain, and Lord Sinclair and the survivors taken prisoners.
By Elizabeth his wife, daughter of William Sutherland of Duffus, he had two sons, William, who appears to have died before his father, and George, fourth earl of Caithness. The fourth earl was a cruel and avaricious nobleman, who scrupled not at the commission of the greatest crimes for the attainment of his purposes. But upon the restoration of the bishop, both the earl and Mackay absolutely refused to surrender to him these, or any other parts of his possessions, or to account to him for the rents they had collected in his name.
Having made a final and satisfactory arrangement, the earl returned into Caithness. Mackay was committed a prisoner to the castle of Foulis. On the arrival of the queen regent at Inverness, in Julyhaving undertaken a journey to the north at that period, for the repression of the tumults and disorders then prevalent, she was met by the earls of Caithness and Sutherland. The former had been requested to bring his countrymen along with him to the court, and having neglected or declined to do so, he was committed to prison at Inverness, Aberdeen, and Edinburgh, successively, and was not restored to liberty till he had paid a considerable sum of money.
He obtained a remission under the great seal, 15th December,and had two charters of the office of justiciary from Portinculter to the Pentland Firth, 17th April and 14th February thereafter, ratified in parliament 19th April On the 12th of the latter month and year, he was one of the jury on the trial of the earl of Bothwell for the murder of Darnley, and when the verdict of acquittal was returned, he protested in their name that no crime should be imputed to them on that account, because no accuser had appeared, and no proof was brought of the indictment. He took notice, also, that the 9th instead of the 10th of February was specified in the indictment, as the day on which the murder was committed.
This George, fourth earl of Caithness, had long borne a mortal hatred to John, earl of Sutherland, and it is said that he instigated his cousin, Isobel Sinclair, wife of Gilbert Gordon of Gartay, and sister of William Sinclair of Dumbaith, to poison the earl and countess, who was near her confinement, while at supper at Helmsdale, in the month of July Their only son, and heir, Alexander Gordon, made a very narrow escape, not having returned in time from a hunting excursion to join his father and mother at supper. During all the time of her illness she uttered the most dreadful imprecations on the earl of Caithness, for having incited her to the horrid act.
The eldest son of this woman, John Gordon, was the next male heir to the earldom of Sutherland, after Alexander, the son of the murdered earl, and happening to be in the house when his mother had prepared the poison, and becoming extremely thirsty, he called for a drink. The earl of Caithness now formed a design to get the young earl of Sutherland into his hands, and prevailed upon Robert Stewart, bishop of Caithness, to write a letter to the governor of the castle of Skibo, in which the earl of Sutherland resided, to deliver up the castle to him; a request with which the governor complied.
Having taken possession of the castle, the earl carried off the young man into Caithness, and though only fifteen years of age, he got him married to Lady Barbara Sinclair, his daughter, then thirty-two years old. Mackay of Far, an ally of the earl of Caithness, was the paramour of this lady, and for continuing the connexion with him, she was afterwards divorced by her husband. In the meantime the earl of Caithness fixed his residence at Dunrobin castle, in Sutherlandshire, the seat of his minor son-in-law, whom he treated with great indignity, and burnt all the papers belonging to the house of Sutherland, on which he could lay his hands.
He expelled many ancient families from Sutherland, put several of the inhabitants to death, and banished others, after disabling them in their persons, by new and unheard of modes of torture, and stripping them of all their possessions. He even entertained the intention of destroying the earl of Sutherland himself, and marrying William Sinclair, his own second son, to Lady Margaret Gordon, the eldest sister of the earl of Sutherland, but the latter being apprised in time of his designs, made his escape from Dunrobin castle. In revenge, the earl of Caithness sent his eldest son, John Master of Caithness, surnamed from his great strength, Garrow [from the Gaelic word garbh, rough or strong] with a large party of followers, to attack Hugh Murray of Aberscors and others of that name, residing about the town of Dornoch, who were firmly attached to the family of Sutherland, and who, after various skirmishes, took refuge in the town and castle of Dornoch, which were besieged by the Caithness men, and for a while manfully defended.
After burning the Cathedral and reducing the town, the master attacked the castle, and the Murrays were, in the end, obliged to capitulate, and having undertaken to depart out of Sutherland within three months, they delivered three hostages for fulfilment of the conditions. The earl refused to ratify the treaty concluded by his son, and basely beheaded the three hostages. This took place inand in the castle of Girnigo, which was at that period the baronial residence of the earl of Caithness, became the scene of one of the most fearful atrocities on record.
John Garrow, the master of Caithness, had incurred the suspicion and displeasure of his father, the earl, on account of the treaty concluded with the Murrays, because he did not, when he had the opportunity, extirpate the whole inhabitants of Dornoch. While conversing with his father, he was arrested by a party of armed men, who, upon a secret signal being given by the earl, had rushed in at the chamber-door. He was instantly fettered, and thrust into a dark dungeon below the castle, in which he dragged out for seven years a wretched existence. At last his keepers, David and Ingram Sinclair, relatives of his own, determined to destroy him, and after having kept him for some time without food; they gave him a large mess of salt beef, and then withholding all drink from him, left him to die of raging thirst.
The inhuman earl died at Edinburgh 9th Septemberand his body was buried in St. He had married Lady Elizabeth Graham, second daughter of William second earl of Montrose, and had three sons and five daughters. In an incursion of the earl of Sutherland into Caithness inafterwards mentioned, one of his followers having entered the church of Wick, found the leaden box which enclosed the heart of the cruel earl of Caithness, and disappointed in his expectations of treasure, he broke the casket open, and flung the corrupted heart to the winds.
His eldest son, John Garrow, had married Lady Jean Hepburn, only daughter of Patrick, third earl of Bothwell, sister of the husband of Queen Mary, widow of John prior of Coldingham, and mother of Francis the turbulent earl of Bothwell, and had issue George the fifth earl of Caithness, three other sons, and a daughter, married to Sir John Home of Coldingknows. George the fifth earl succeeded his grandfather in The daughter of the latter was to be married, and a large party were invited to the wedding. Earl George met David on his way to Wester, and ran him through the body with his sword.
The earl then rode over to Wester, and accosted Ingram as he was playing at football on the green. In he had a meeting with the earl of Sutherland at Elgin, in the presence of the earl of Huntly, and other friends, when the differences between the two earls being adjusted, they were reconciled for the time to each other. Another meeting subsequently took place between the two earls at the hill of Bengrime in Sutherland, when they entered into a confederacy against the clan Gunn. On the 19th May of the same year the earl of Caithness had a remission under the great seal to himself and twenty-two other persons, for being art and part in the slaughter of David Hume of Crewschawis and others.
In the old feud broke out again between the rival houses of Caithness and Sutherland, and both parties assembled their forces at Helmsdale; but by the mediation of mutual friends a truce was agreed upon, after the expiry of which the earl of Sutherland invaded Caithness, in Februarywhen great slaughter and spoil took place. The town of Wick was also pillaged and burnt, but the church was preserved. The earl of Caithness, shut up in the castle of Girnigo, which was strongly fortified, desired a cessation of hostilities, and a conference with the earl of Sutherland.
Another truce was the consequence, which, however, did not last long, and various battles, skirmishes, and forays ensued between the rival earls and their followers. The earl of Huntly and others, friends of the parties, in vain endeavoured to reconcile them effectually, till Marcywhen the earls met at Strathbogie and agreed to live on terms of amity in future; but in the yearthe earl of Caithness, under the pretence of going on a hunting expedition, again invaded Sutherland, and encamped near the hill of Bengrime, on which the Sutherland and Strathnaver men assembled in great force, and marched against him. After some messages had passed between the two earls, the army of the earl of Caithness retired, and both in a day or two after disbanded their forces.
He made another attempt in Julyto disturb the peace of Sutherland, but was prevented from accomplishing his purpose by the sudden appearance in Strathully of the earl of Sutherland at the head of a considerable force. By the mediation of the marquis of Huntly the earls again met at Elgin with their mutual friends, and once more adjusted their differences. In the following year, some servants of the earl of Orkney, being forced by stress of weather to land in his country, the earl of Caithness apprehended them, and after forcing them to swallow a quantity of spirits, which completely, intoxicated them, he ordered one side of their heads and beards to be shaved, and compelled them to go to sea, although the storm had not abated.
On reaching Orkney they complained to their master, who immediately laid the case before the king. His majesty referred the matter to his council for trial, but the earls of Caithness and Orkney having arrived in Edinburgh, they were induced by their friends to adjust the business amicably between themselves. To recruit his exhausted resources he gook into his employment a coiner named Arthur Smith, who had been tried and condemned to death for counterfeiting the coin of the realm, but who, on the intercession of Lord Elphinston, the Lord Treasurer of Scotland, had obtained a pardon. This person continued in the employment of the earl of Caithness for seven or eight years.
His majesty thereupon addressed a letter to the lords of the privy council, authorising them to grant a commission to Sir Robert to apprehend Smith and bring him to Edinburgh. In the following year Smith was apprehended in his own house in the town of Thurso, and in an endeavour to rescue him, John Sinclair of Stirkage, nephew of the earl of Caithness, was slain, and James Sinclair, brother of the laird of Dun, severely wounded; and to prevent the escape of Smith he was at once put to death by those in whose custody he was. The earl of Caithness, at that time in Edinburgh, summoned the leaders of the parties who had killed his nephew and wounded his kinsman, to appear at Edinburgh and answer for their conduct.
Previous to this affair, Sir Robert Gordon had caused the earl to be denounced and proclaimed a rebel to the king. The parties were ordered to appear before the council at Edinburgh, and on the day appointed they met accordingly, attended, as the custom then was, by their respective friends. The council spent three days in investigating the matter, both parties being, in the meantime, bound over in their recognizances to keep the peace, in time coming, towards each other. The privy council ultimately granted a warrant for deserting the criminal prosecutions on a submission being entered into, July 17,between the earls of Caithness and Sutherland, of all the matters in dispute between them.
In the previous month, the earl created a disturbance on the High street of Edinburgh, by assaulting George Lord Gordon, and great slaughter might but for the extreme darkness of the night, owing to which the parties could hardly distinguish their own friends. Soon after he rendered his name for ever infamous by betraying his kinsman John Lord Maxwell, then under hiding for the murder of Sir John Johnstone, whom he lured to Castle Sinclair, under the pretence of affording him shelter and secrecy until he could conveniently leave the country for Sweden.
His real motive, however, was that he might obtain favour at court by delivering him up. By command of the lords of the privy council, Lord Maxwell was shortly afterwards delivered up, and on 21st Maywas beheaded at the cross of Edinburgh. He seems to have intruded himself into this commission, by eagerly volunteering his services to the privy council, so as, if possible, to ingratiate himself with his sovereign, by suppressing a rebellion which had excited the alarm even of the court of England. For his services he obtained a pension of a thousand crowns, and shortly after his return from his expedition to Orkney, he was made one of the lords of the privy council in Scotland.
His restless disposition and lawless proceedings, however, soon involved him in ruin. Enraged at the Lord Forbes having succeeded, on the death of his brother-in-law, George Sinclair, to his lands of Dunray and Dumbaith, he seized every opportunity of annoying him in his possessions, by oppressing his servants and tenants, under the pretence of discharging his duty as sheriff, to which office he had been appointed by the earl of Huntly on his marriage with his sister. Complaints were made from time to time against the earl, on account of these proceedings, to the privy council of Scotland, who in some measure afforded redress; and to protect his tenants more effectually, Lord Forbes took up his temporary residence in Caithness.
On this, the earl secretly instigated two of the Clan-Gun to burn the corn of William Innes, a servant of Lord Forbes at Sanset in Caithness in November ; and to remove suspicion from himself he industriously spread a report that the fire-raising had been done by the tenants of Mackay, the nephew of Sir Robert Gordon, with whom the Forbeses were then at feud. The matter, however, having soon been disclosed by the Guns, who were the actual perpetrators, the earl was closely prosecuted, and he only obtained his remission, after a long interval, on the following conditions: The creditors, however, apprized or sequestrated all his lands.
He was denounced rebel inand his own son, Lord Berriedale, on the suggestion of Sir Robert Gordon and others, applied for and obtained a commission to pursue his father! After his long imprisonment he was released for that purpose, on finding due caution to return to ward after having executed his commission.
He died in comparative obscurity, at Caithness, in Februaryat the advanced age of During his last years he received an aliment from his creditors out of his dilapidated estates. By his countess he had three sons and one daughter, Lady Anne Sinclair, married to George thirteenth earl Interracial dating in the usa Crawford. William Lord Berriedale, the eldest son, appears to have predeceased his father. By his wife, Mary, daughter of Henry, third Lord Sinclair, he had a son, John, master of Berriedale, who died of fever at Edinburgh in Septemberand was buried in the abbey church of Holyroodhouse.
He had married Lady Margaret Mackenzie, eldest daughter of Colin, first earl Sluts in danehill Seaforth, and had a son George, who succeeded Sluts in danehill great-grandfather as sixth earl of Caithness. He was committed a prisoner to the castle of Edinburgh 24th Julyon account of the slaughter of a soldier sent to quarter for deficiency of cess and excise. He married in Lady Mary Campbell, third daughter of Archibald, marquis of Argyle but had no issue. Being deeply involved in debt, in he executed a disposition of his titles, estates, and heritable jurisdictions, in favour of Sir John Campbell of Glenurchy, his principal creditor, who, after the death of the earl, in Maytook possession of the estates, in virtue of the above-mentioned disposition, and in Junewas created earl of Caithness.
On 7th April following he married the widowed countess. His right to the title and estates was disputed by George Sinclair of Keiss, son of Francis, second son of George, fifth earl of Caithness, the heir male of the family, who, when the new earl was in London the same year entered Caithness with an armed force, and took violent possession of the lands of Keiss, Tister, and Northfield, which Dating single suche in ocean pines md been included in the disposition of Earl John, on his return to Scotland, complained to the privy council, and an order to the sheriff of Caithness was, in consequence, issued, to call the parties before him, and ascertain which of them had the best right to the lands.
The sheriff decided in favour of the earl, and charged George Sinclair to remove, but the messenger was deforced. To support his claim to the lands in dispute, earl John obtained an order from the privy council, 7th Juneto General Dalzell, to assist with a party of troops, and raising his own friends and followers, he marked from the banks of the Tay to beyond the promontory of the Ord. Keiss, on his part, collected a force of four hundred men, and waited his coming in the burgh of Wick. Inflamed with drink and hatred of the intruders, the adherents of Keiss rushed furiously upon their assailants, who were strongly posted on the western bank of the burn of Altimarlach, on the northern side of the river of Wick.
Turning their backs, they fled through the fully, towards the river, and so great were the numbers killed in attempting to cross, that, according to tradition, the Campbells, in pursuit of the fugitives, passed over dryshod on the bodies of the slain. George Sinclair, thus deprived of his lands, prosecuted the more earnestly his claim to the title of earl of Caithness, and the privy council, under a reference from parliament, found that he had a right to that dignity, and he accordingly took his place as a peer, 15th July Sir John Campbell, on being thus obliged to relinquish that peerage, was created earl of Breadalbane.
Breadalbane recriminated against him that, among many other things, he had wilfully burnt the mansion house of Thurso east. Both complaints were remitted to the court of justiciary. In December of that year articles of treason were exhibited against Breadalbane for fire-raising, murder, treasonable garrison of houses, convocation of the lieges, and acting beyond his warrant from council, but these charges were not brought to trial. In the following August the earl of Caithness petitioned parliament to put him in repossession of his paternal estate of Keiss, Tister and Northfield, and on the 23d September, the privy council, to whom the petition had been referred, found that he had been unwarrantably deprived of these lands, and therefore ordained him to be restored to them.
After the death of the earl, however, inthe earl of Breadalbane again obtained possession of Keiss and the other two estates mentioned, but he was hated by the Sinclairs, who burned the corn and houghed the cattle of the tenants on the estates, till at last he divided the whole of his lands in Caithness into sixty-two portions, great and small, and sold them to different persons. Jane Sinclair, sister and heiress of the deceased earl, and the wife of Sir James Sinclair of Mey, was forcibly removed out of the house of Keiss, which she possessed after the death of her brother, by a writ of ejectment and a party of armed men. On the death of the seventh earl, the title developed on the heir male, John Sinclair of Mey, the grandson of Sir James Sinclair of Murchil, second son of John, master of Caithness, and brother of the fifth earl.
John, who thus became the eighth earl, took the oaths and his seat in parliament 25th July He died inleaving by his wife, Janet Carmichael of the Hyndford family, three sons and one daughter. Farther east is Freshfield, a small hamlet built around another common and the crossing of the Ouse. A smallholding settlement originally called The Colony and later known as America was set up in by Quaker and industrialist William Allen as a way of making the rural poor self sufficient. Located in a large wood on the western side of the parish which was transferred to neighbouring Haywards heath in the s and the cottages demolished in to make way for a new estate.
The original access road survives as America Lane. The rest of the parish is made up of small farms scattered around the lanes north and east of Lindfield. The main road running through the settlement is the current B which is a very old north south route through the Weald and later turnpiked in the s as one of the main London-Brighton coaching routes. Next to the village pond the B branches off to head south east towards Lewes via Walstead. All other current routes are either 'C' roads or minor lanes. A number of the former provide routes to Horsted Keynes. A minor road, Plummerden Lane, links this to Monteswood Lane.
At Smallsgreen Cross it crossed the old road to Cuckfield which left Lindfield via Hickmans Lane or Denman Lane surviving as far as the railway beyond which much has been obliterated by the Harlands estate. The main waterway is the River Ouse which runs across the parish north of the main village and provides the parish boundary with Horsted Keynes east of the confluence with Cockhaise Brook. This was canalised in the early 19th century with new built sections east and west of Freshfield Bridges and west of East Mascalls Bridge.
It was never profitable and its last major job was to carry the bricks from Holland up the river to build the Ouse Valley Viaduct. The navigation was closed in The main tributaries within the parish are Scrase Stream which runs east from Cuckfield to the confluence near East Mascalls. Since the s the stream provides the major boundary with Haywards Heath. Pellingford Brook rises at the southern end of Haywards heath provides the parish boundary with Chailey to the south then crosses the south eastern part of the old parish joining the River Ouse at Sheffield Park. Cockhaise Brook runs along the whole of the eastern boundary with Horsted Keynes from its confluence with the Ouse north of Henfield Wood.
These fast flowing streams powered a number of water mills at Deans north of Lindfield, East Mascalls, Cockhaise Farm and Freshfield, the latter operating on the site of a former forge which existed between the mid 16th century and the s. With the arrival of the railway in Lindfield's decline as a coaching route set in. The station at Haywards Heath was originally intended as a stop for it and Cuckfield but resulted in the growth of a brand new town which eclipsed both. A railway was planned in the s with a necessary Act of Parliament obtained and work started in